The endoscopic urologic
The need to perform an invasive endoscopic examination is the possibility to exclude a neoplastic disease is not always diagnosed by imaging (ultrasound, tc, magnetic resonance)
The urological endoscopy, cystoscopy or urethrocystoscopy and ureterorenoscopy diagnostics, allows you to view from inside the urethra, bladder, and kidney calicopieliche uretreri and cavities.
For the lower urinary tract (urethra and bladder) the cystoscope is used.
For the high urinary tract (ureters and pelvis) the ureterorenoscopio.
(More properly called urethrocystoscopy) plays a diagnostic role and follow up for bladder cancer, which is important in clinical practice urologist.
Cystoscopy allows the specialist to evaluate the urethra, bladder and all the walls.
The examination is performed on an outpatient basis, no need for anesthesia (sedation) except in special cases, or the patient’s request.
Involving no preparation on the part of the patient, but one antibiotic prophylaxis.